Academic Search Tools
(CSE sign-in enables you to connect to full text in library databases)
- Google Scholar searches scholarly content on the web, including journal articles, conference papers, technical reports, dissertations, court cases and legal documents.
- Google does not own or host the content.
- Full text is not always available or free. If you use the proxied link above, you'll be able to link through to full text when it is available in a subscribed collection. Search for the journal title in Online & Print Journals if no full text options are given.
- Google Scholar helps you identify prominent articles by listing the number of times each article has been cited (the higher the number, the more important the work).
- Microsoft Academic searches scholarly journal articles, conference papers, reports.
- Displays the top authors (most publications) and the most popular authors (most read) for each subject covered.
- Like Google, Microsoft does not own or host the content.
- Full text is not always available or free. Search for the journal title in Online & Print Journals if no full text options are given.
- Microsoft Academic helps you identify prominent articles by listing the number of times each article has been cited (the higher the number, the more important the work).
Standard Search Engines
Specialized Search Engines
- Wolfram Alpha - get factual answers or do calculations, conversions
- Zanran - find statistical data in charts and graphs
- Qwant - launched January 2013 with results from 5 sectors: web, news, knowledge graph (basic facts pulled from Wikipedia), social media, shopping
- Graphiq - rapidly creates interactive data-driven infographics. Designed to provide direct information on a variety of subjects.
- Good Search - each search earns you a penny toward a charity of your choice
Keep In Mind:
- Not everything is online
- Always use more than one search tool. No search engine (or database) has everything that is online
- Try different search terms and combinations
- Visualize how the information might be phrased in the document you hope to find and let that guide your search terms
- Use the limit options available (advanced search screen). This will give you more accurate results
- If you know an organization that publishes on your topic, limit your results to that organization's website
- Always examine more than just the first few results
- If you're not familiar with your topic, try a web directory or reference site rather than a web search
- Never pay for any content without checking with the library first
Meta Search Engines
Set Up Your Browser
Go Back in Time
- WayBack Machine
Type in a URL and view how a site looked at various points in time.
- Search Engine History, 1945-today
From pre-web conceptualizations of search to the development of the 1990s, to directories and meta search engines, to search engine optimization and advertising ... learn how search has evolved into what you see today.