Within the Business and Health Administration Program, a B.S. in Business Administration and an M.S. in Management as well as a minor in business administration are offered. In addition, with the program offers specializations in human resource management and organizational change management, and a combined B.S./M.S. degree. The Women's College Leadership Program and a minor in Leadership are also offered through this program.
The mission of the Business Coursework is to promote a community of learning in which our students grow to become individuals who can effectively work in diverse business environments and who are prepared to handle challenging ethical situations with understanding and respect. The program seeks to provide a learning environment that expands the students' ability to effectively address business issues using critical thinking, creative problem solving, and innovative decision-making. With a strong liberal arts foundation, our graduates are prepared for leadership roles in the complex and ever-changing business world.
Students who complete the program will:
Students who complete the program will:
The Leadership Program sponsors an annual conference each Spring. Students often take Women's Studies courses at neighboring Drew University. Students have been sponsored to attend the Women in Leadership and the National Organization for Women Young Leaders Conferences
A minor in Leadership will demonstrate knowledge of:
Graduates of the Business Administration major from College of Saint Elizabeth are equipped with the skills to succeed in business and corporate settings. They work in a variety of environments such as:
CSE Business Administration majors go on to work in areas such as:
* All students are encouraged to take BUS 320 Human Resource Management.
Total: 40 credits
Students are expected to enter the CSE Accounting Concentration with an Associate's degree including 60 or more credits; 24 of which are specified as follows:
Students pursuing the Accounting Concentration will need to complete 120 undergraduate credits to fulfill the requirements for a Bachelor's degree at CSE which will include CSE's Essentials Element III: Service Learning, as part of CSE's General Education program. The remaining credit requirement will be fulfilled by elective courses selected in close consultation with the student's academic advisor. Students in the Accounting Concentration who are seeking to become certified public accountants (CPAs) will have to complete 150 credits hours of education. If the students meet eligibility requirements of the combined degree program in Business Administration and Management they could choose to pursue the combined degree option. (Refer to requirements for the B.A. or B.S. /M.S. in Management Combined Degree Program). Students should check with the certification requirements and plan accordingly.
Total: 18 credits
A minimum of 18 credits are required.
Total credits: 12 credits
Students enrolled in the Minor will need to complete 2 elective courses. Below is a list of approved electives:
Additional electives will be considered and approved by the Director of Community and Leadership Development.
Total credits: 4
*Students enrolled in the Leadership Minor and Program are required to complete several co-curricular requirements.
For more information, visit the Leadership Development page.
Our combined undergraduate/graduate business program allows a CSE undergraduate in any major to enter the MS in Management program in a seamless, streamlined approach. The combined degree program in Management at the College of Saint Elizabeth promotes personal and professional integrity as well as fosters ethical concerns for change in organizations. Taught from a leadership perspective, this experiential program prepares graduates to change or advance careers, compete in industry trends, and manage evolving organizational environments.
Graduate students may choose from one of two specializations:
Unique Elements of This Program
Majors in Business Administration must have completed:
Minors in Business Administration must have completed:
Justice Studies Majors must have completed:
Other academic majors must have completed:
*Some of these prerequisites may be waived at the discretion of the Chair of the Business and Health Administration program for those students who are able to demonstrate considerable experience in these areas.
Graduate level courses open for combined degree students:
The M.S. in Management consists of 10 courses with a total of 30 credits with the choice of two different degree specializations: Human Resource Management and Organizational Change Management. Courses are delivered onsite and online in both full semester and accelerated session formats.
Requirements for a Specialization in Human Resource Management
Requirements for a Specialization in Organizational Change Management
Organizational Change Management is also available in a completely online format.
Admission Criteria for the M.S. in Management
Persons with baccalaureate degrees in fields other than management or business are encouraged to apply with the understanding that they may be required to take one or more undergraduate courses as prerequisites to satisfy admissions criteria and/or prerequisites for courses. In particular, Principles of Management or its equivalent is a program prerequisite.
A maximum of nine (9) credits can be accepted in transfer into the M.S. in Management Program. All transfer credits must carry a minimum 3.0 grade point average (on a 4.0 scale). MC626 Ethical Issues and BUS 690 Seminar in Change Management must be taken at the College of Saint Elizabeth.
Application forms to apply to the M.S. in Management degree, for eligible juniors and seniors, are available in the Office of Admissions, and here.
Applications should be submitted to the Office of Admissions. The application submission should include the following:
The Introduction to Business course provides a fundamental working knowledge of the varied aspects of business and prepares students for future studies in more specialized topics within the subject area. Students will increase their awareness of the overall environment and function of business as well as observe its contributions to society. This course also covers communication, technology, globalization, and business ethics.
The core of this course is how the external environment of the corporation influences operational and strategic management decisions. Examples from American economic history are used to introduce basic economic processes. Research on the limits of rational behavior and the impact of changing corporate structures on decision-making are highlighted. The roles of information, uncertainty and feedback are emphasized. Economic concepts are used to describe the development of dynamic imperfect competition. Different competitive strategies and markets, including financial markets, are analyzed.
This course provides an introduction to computer hardware and business application software. Microsoft Excel 2007 is used to solve business-oriented exercises and assignments in a computer laboratory. Creating formulas and Excel functions such as IF, PMT and VLOOKUP are covered and used. An introduction to the binary number system and the ASCII coding scheme are used to represent data internally. This course takes place in a computer laboratory.
An introductory course designed to teach the fundamentals of HTML to design, develop and maintain informational Web pages. Topics covered include Internet standards and protocols, conducting business on the Internet, ethical issues and the future of the Internet and the World Wide Web. Includes supervised laboratory exercises. Prerequisite: MIS 101 or 103.
Overview of the evolution of computer hardware and software technology; algorithms and their role in problem solving; syntax and semantics of C++ programming language, program design, coding, debugging, testing and documentation using good structured programming style in C++. This course is equivalent to CS 115.
A course examining the economic trends and forces that impact the health care industry, the causes for increases in medical care costs, the role of competition, supply and training of health care personnel, new technology and the quality of health care, the economics of health insurance plans and the influence of third-party payers, and the changing regulatory climate in the health care sector. Emphasis is placed on the increasing role of government in the health care industry.
Basic accounting and financial concepts are defined and applied to health care settings. The course will provide an introduction to accounting theory and financial management practices, concepts, and principles. Focus will be placed on the preparation and understanding of financial statements. Financial management practices and principles relevant to financial performance, analysis and the budgeting process will also be examined. Students will learn about capital budgets, how to propose and defend investment projects, and the impact of capital investments on the sales and profits of an organization.
An exploration of how computers, the Internet and information technology have influenced the structure and content of internal and external corporate communication. Software tools and networks will be emphasized.
An exploration of the computer as a tool for the artist/designer. MAC II laboratory instruction utilizes the software applicable to illustration projects. This course is equivalent to ART 131.
This course is an introduction to the principles of management including planning, organizing, leading, and controlling. The course combines the traditional management process approach with contemporary systems and behavioral approaches. Awareness of the major skill areas of effective management to include communication, motivation, and innovation are addressed. Prerequisite: BUS100 Introduction to Business
Principles of Marketing and Consumer Behavior introduces the basic concepts and tools of modern marketing practice and appreciate the importance of marketing decisions dealing with product, price, distribution and promotion. The course will emphasize the interplay between these marketing decisions and environmental forces (competitive, economic, technological, socio-cultural, and legal-regulatory). The course will also provide the student with an understanding of consumer behavior, market research, market segmentation and positioning. Prerequisite: BUS100 Introduction to Business
An examination of the fundamental concepts and operations of computer networks. Topics include local and wide-area networks, client/server architecture, topologies, protocols, configurations, transmission media and performance. Uses data communications software to access remote databases. Includes supervised laboratory exercises. Prerequisite: MIS 101 or 103. This course is equivalent to COMM 215.
Theories of Macro and Micro Economics introduce students to the concepts that drive the marketplace and impact business decisions. Problems of consumer behavior and demand, the allocation of resources of production, imperfect competition, oligopoly and monopoly, as well as, concepts of national income analysis, the theory of determination of income and employment, and the problems of fiscal and monetary policies within an international economy area are addressed. Prerequisite: BUS100 Introduction to Business
A study of the concepts and principles of effective graphics design and page layout for business-oriented publications and presentations. Uses graphics, photo-editing, presentation, and desktop publishing software. Includes design and production of several publications as well as design and delivery of several in-class presentations. Includes supervised laboratory exercises. Prerequisite: MIS 101 or 103. This course is equivalent to COMM 231.
This course examines the legal environment of business to include legal liability and ethical issues in the context of today's economic and e-commerce environments. An overview of the American legal system will provide the foundation for students to understand the legal rights, duties and obligations of the individual. Specific emphasis is placed upon ethical values as they relate to criminal, torts, negligence, product liability and contract law. Additional topics addressed will include landlord/tenant disputes, bailment, and personal property law. Prerequisite: BUS100 Introduction to Business
This course introduces students to the role of accounting as the primary language of business. Basic topics in financial and managerial accounting are introduced. The course reviews fundamental accounting theory, concepts, and principles with emphasis on preparation and understanding of financial accounting statements and their application to the various types of business entities. Business ethics and internal controls are emphasized. An overview of financial analysis and applications of budget and break even analysis is also introduced. Prerequisite: BUS100 Introduction to Business
EBusiness covers Internet-enabled business applications, not just commercial transactions. Topics include supply chain management, customer relationship management, process automation, analytics, security and portals.
This course describes the theory and practice of basic corporate finance and investments. It focuses on the principles employed in the analysis of financial statements rather than their creation. Topics include capital budgeting, financial planning, interest rates, risk analysis, the time value of money, and working capital management. Internal controls and business ethics are applied throughout. Case studies and financial analysis will be employed throughout the coursework. Prerequisites: BUS100 Introduction to Business, BUS 220 Theories of Macro and Micro Economics and BUS 240 Principles of Financial and Managerial Accounting
This course provides an introduction to event-driven programming. Designing a user interface, coding routines, using advanced controls, searching arrays, accessing files and relational databases, and error handling are covered in depth. Computer laboratory exercises are provided. The course is conducted in a computer laboratory. Prerequisite: MIS 103 or a programming language course.
This course introduces the concepts and design principles used in database management. It provides an overview of principles of physical and logical database design, query languages, relational design theory, file structures, transaction management, entity-relationships; hierarchical, network and relational models; data dependencies, integrity, reliability, security, and applications in a relational database. Prerequisite: CS/MIS 117.
This course addresses the critical relationship between the managing of personnel and the behaviors associated with organizational culture. Functional organizational structures, lines of communication, inter-group conflicts, motivation, group dynamics and processes, leadership roles and organizational change in today's rapidly changing environment are discussed. Attention is placed on employment policies, selection, placement and training of individuals, compensation and benefits, motivation, grievance and procedural rights, health and safety, and ethical responsibility as they relate to local and global environments. Prerequisite: BUS 200 Principles of Management and Management Skills
Information systems and information technology tools are redefining corporate strategies, operations and management. This course is an overview of the most widely used information technology tools and how they are changing the role of managers. Topics include telecommunications and the Internet, intranets and extranets, internal organizational systems and enterprise-wide information systems. A theme will be how information systems are being used for competitive advantage.
Continuation of MIS 331. This course concentrates on applications and case studies of concepts and tools discussed in MIS 331. Students will be expected to develop group projects utilizing information technology tools.
This course will involve the study of the emerging trends, technologies, ethical and global challenges that are associated with the 'new' retail environment. Issues to be discussed include the impact of technology and globalization on the marketplace and the challenges that these and other developments have created for retailers. Prerequisite: BUS 215 Principles of Marketing and Consumer Behavior
A course presenting modern trade theories and applying them to international trade flows and the global competition of multinational corporations. The impact of regional agreements like the European Union and NAFTA and global agreement like the WTO on regional and global trade is explored. Emphasis is placed on problems and risks arising from global competition and global financial markets. Corporate strategies to succeed in this rapidly-changing environment will be explored in case studies. Prerequisite: BUS 200
This course emphasizes the fundamentals of starting a new business venture from development to planning, market analysis, initial financing, organizing, and managing. Topics include form of ownership, location, distribution channel and supplier chain to cash flow, operations and marketing. Introduction to the nonprofit sector and community is presented. Management issues specific to nonprofits including mission, volunteerism and financial management will be explored. The principle of wealth creation and contribution to society will be dominant throughout. Prerequisites: BUS 200 Principles of Management and Management Skills and BUS 240 Theories of Financial and Managerial Accounting
An application of information systems concepts and procedures to the area of accounting. Topics include system development life cycle, controls, security, architecture, and operations. Various projects related to accounting systems are assigned. Prerequisites: BUS 103 and MIS 107. This course is equivalent to BUS 351.
This course addresses a comprehensive overview of the contemporary issues and current and future challenges in business. Primary emphasis is placed on changes in the marketing and management fields, including innovative methods and techniques used in today's organizations. Juniors and Seniors only. Prerequisite: BUS200 Principles of Management and Management Skills
This course examines the theory, principles, and procedures involved in establishing a competitive compensation program. Strategies for maintaining an internally, externally, and individually equitable compensation program will be discussed. Additionally this course will examine the theory and practices underlying employee benefits offered by most employers, including an examination of the coverage and financial implications of group life, disability, medical, and retirement plans and their role in the total compensation package. Also discussed is the impact of tax and other government regulations on employee benefits and government mandated programs. Prerequisite: BUS 200 Principles of Management and Management Skills and BUS 320 Human Resource Management
This course will involve a study of organizations as social systems through analyses at the macro level (organizational level) and micro level (individual level). Contemporary theories of change strategies and processes will be reviewed. Areas studied will include how managers and employees can deal more effectively with the change process, the human resources systems and initiatives needed to support the change process, and how to align emerging business strategies and business culture. Prerequisite: BUS 200 Principles of Management and Management Skills
A systematic approach to the employment function of the Organization as a whole and the human resources department specifically. Topics include the planning, recruitment, screening, selection, employment, placement, and orientation of employees. Emphasis is placed on how the employment function can help an organization achieve its long range goals and objectives. The impact of Equal Employment Opportunity/Affirmative Action laws and regulations on the employment function is discussed. Performance Appraisal and Training Management will also be discussed. Case studies are used to reinforce principles and concepts discussed in class. Prerequisite: BUS 320 Human Resource Management
This research methods course looks at data collection, analysis, and interpretation as it relates to the business environment. Selection of appropriate designs, data management, hypothesis testing, validity and research reporting is addressed. Students will develop an individual research proposal, using the project management skills and techniques learned throughout this course, which may follow them into their Capstone project. Prerequisite: BUS 100 Introduction to Business and MATH 119/125 Elementary Statistics
This course is a comprehensive, integrative, and practical focus on leadership and management. It is based upon a framework that analyzes leadership and management at different levels: individual leadership, team leadership, and organizational leadership. The course presents leadership and management theories/concepts that have emerged over the past several decades. It provides students the opportunity to apply these theories through case analysis and to enhance personal skill development through application to real life scenarios. Included in the course are identification of current leaders and leadership as well as contemporary perspectives on ethics, networking, coaching, organizational culture, diversity, learning organizations, strategic leadership, and crisis leadership. Prerequisite: BUS 365 Organizational Behavior and Change
This course provides an introduction to the System Development Life Cycle and project management techniques. Resources, tools and methods used when designing, developing and implementing a business application are covered in depth. The role of the systems analyst is emphasized. Prerequisite: CIS 117, CIS 305 or permission of instructor.
A critical analysis of the theories, practices and techniques used by organizations to manage the organizational life-cycle of the employee. Topics include the planning, recruitment, screening, selection, employment, placement, and orientation of employees and then expand into identifying organizational and employee needs, developing effective assessment and training programs and evaluating the results. Discussion will address the criticality of performance appraisal development and in training employees at all levels. Emphasis is placed on how the employment function can help an organization achieve its long range goals and objectives. The impact of Equal Employment Opportunity/Affirmative Action laws and regulations on the employment function is discussed. Case studies are used to reinforce principles and concepts discussed in class. Prerequisites: BUS 200 Principles of Management and Management Skills, BUS 320Human Resource Management and BUS 365 Organizational Behavior and Change
This is the capstone course in the Management Information Systems concentration. Students design, code, test, debug, document and demonstrate a management information system.
Project BEAD is a student-run faculty facilitated service learning vehicle designed to broaden, enrich, advance, and develop empowerment in women. This Internship will give students hands on experience to the many aspects that surround running a small retail business. Students will be involved in the creative process as well as in the manufacturing of the items chosen to sell. The internship provides an opportunity for students to develop financial, managerial, marketing, communication, and sales skills. Additionally, students will conduct research to develop a marketing communication strategy that they will execute throughout the semester. Participation in off-premise sales and trade shows is a requirement. Each student will take away from the course a hard bound portfolio of work as well as information for an e-portfolio. Course requirements also include a weekly log of the service learning experience and a final summary report and presentation. This course is open to all Juniors and Seniors. The course size is limited to 15 students.
This capstone experience assesses the students' mastery of the Business Administration curriculum and the core competencies expected of all business professionals. Through class meetings and individual or team dialog, students will craft individualized projects that will allow them to analyze the complex multidimensional business problems. Prerequisites: Senior Status and completion of all core requirements.
Approval from Program Chairperson is required before registration. Variable Credit, students can regsiter 2 or 3 credits.
Students will be given the opportunity to apply their knowledge of Business Administration principles in a business setting. A weekly log of the learning experience, a summary report, final written report, and a final presentation will be required. A total of 60 hours of work is required for two credits; a total of 90 hours of work is required for three credits; a total of 120 hours for four credits. Prerequisite: Must be a Business Administration major or minor with at least junior status.
Human Resource Management (3) This course provides an understanding of the human resource operation and current corporate, public, private and non-profit practices in the field. Students will identify and explore common human resource procedures, polices, best practices, and problems. Topics include: human resources, job analysis and design, recruitment and selection; training and development; career planning; labor relations; and human resources as a strategic partner. Case studies will be utilized.
This course provides an overview of total compensation as applied in contemporary business operations, including the establishment of compensation and benefits policy and the administration of wages and salaries. Students will explore the wide range of financial incentives for employees at all levels that help to relate labor costs to productivity. In addition, there will be an examination of the legally required and voluntarily provided benefit programs designed to cushion financial and other problems as well as the financial accounting for various types of employee benefit plans.
This course presents an application of information systems concepts and procedures to the area of human resources. Topics include systems development, documentation techniques, internal control and application systems. Emphasis is placed on the fundamental objectives of an information system: to support the stewardship and decision-making functions of management and the day-to-day operations of the firm. Prerequisite: BUS 601 or permission of instructor.
This course is designed to give students a comprehensive understanding of the current theory and practice of organizational development, including its application, major interventions and their evaluation. Traditional perspectives of organizational development will be integrated with the emerging areas of quality of-work-life, organizational design,performance management and strategy.
Training and development explored as critical functions in Human Resource Management. This course will include adult learning theory, needs analysis, methodology, experiential learning, retention theories, contract training, presentation techniques, evaluation, and outcomes assessment.
This course will address, through lecture, case study and discussion, the Fair Labor Act, labor law, wrongful termination, sexual harassment, age/racial/religious discrimination, ADA, giving job references and litigation costs. Prerequisite: BUS 601 or permission of instructor.
This course examines the interrelationship between government and business.Attention is directed at the evolution of government assistance to business and the regulations that are developed tomanage that assistance.Discussion will focus on theethical, economic and political factors that influence business and governmental activities and the subsequent impact of law and regulation upon businesses and the economy.Current issues that are relevant to the unique laws and regulations in New Jersey will also be studied. Critiques from professional journals and class research assignments will also be used.
Students will develop the skills necessary to formulate policies and strategies in sustainable competitive advantage. Real and hypothetical case studies of both manufacturing and service companies in domestic and international contexts will be considered. In addition, this course will involve recognizing core competencies of the organization, developing firm-specific resources for competitive advantage, and investigating the interaction of global markets and information technology.
This course provides students a special opportunity to learn global leadership and business skills, first-hand and participate in an international institute with business leaders from the Caribbean Islands. Based at the University of the Virgin Island in Saint Thomas, this course will explore how cultural differences affect management and communication styles; define the many aspects of Globalization and its impact on American Industries and professions; discuss NAFTA & CAFTA;And recognize how small business, technology, and global shifts have impacted political environments.
This course explores how changes in the organization?s external environment create new problems and opportunities for managers. It analyzes how different forms of business competition constrain strategic responses. Generic strategies are listed and effective internal means of implementation are discussed. The new value-added basis for competitive advantage is defined and tactics to achieve superior performance are developed.
This course examines the role that information technology plays in supporting management decision-making and enhancing group productivity. Emphasis will be placed on how information technology promotes effective management of professional staff groups. The relationship between information channels and organizational structure will also be explored.
This course will involve an intensive study of organizations as social systems along the dimensions of both the macro level (organizational level) and micro level (individual level). Through the integration of theories,models, concepts and real life problems, this course will enhance the ability to diagnose and respond to organizational change. Having a clear understanding of the organization, and the ability to identify new ways of thinking about the organization will allow students to maintain a competitive advantage in today?s workplace.
This duties and responsibilities of the marketing manager involve analyzing marketing problems and opportunities; developing marketing strategies; creating the marketing program of product, price, distribution, and promotion; and evaluating and controlling the organizations marketing effort. This course examines theories for designing an organization?s marketing plans and policies.
This course introduces the student to the systematic process of collecting, analyzing, and reporting of data that is to be used by managers when solving specific marketing problems. The marketing research process involves determining research objectives; developing qualitative and quantitative approaches; designing sampling plans; constructing instruments and procedures to collect data; analyzing the data using statistical techniques; and reporting the findings. Prerequisites: BUS 621; MATH 119 or equivalent.
This interdisciplinary subject employs concepts from anthropology, demographics, economics, psychology, social psychology and sociology in order to demonstrate how individuals and organizations select, acquire, use, and dispose of goods, services, and ideas in order to satisfy their needs and desires.
This course describes the role of advertising and other forms of promotion within the marketing function as well as their larger societal implications. Topics include the different purposes of promotion, determining promotional budgets, creating messages, selecting the media, and evaluating campaigns. Special emphasis is placed on the role of the advertising agency in the creation of strategies and campaigns.
This course describes the factors that a company should consider before going abroad; the various ways to enter a foreign market; the extent to which the marketing program must be modified;and how international activities should be organized and managed. Special emphasis is placed on the cultural, legal, and political environments that firms must operate within when they choose compete within the global marketplace.
Individual and group processes are the central components of the study of behavior in organizations. The focus of this course is on the managerial application of behavioral science theory to issues such as job satisfaction, organizational commitment, motivation, teamwork, communication, cooperation, decision-making and power.
The course acquaints students with socialmedia applications associated with theWeb 2.0 including social networking sites, Twitter,blogging,etc. Students will also examine and assess the impact of the new socialmedia on the internal and external operations businesses and organizations. Students will also develop strategies,plans and applications to address challenges and opportunities presented by new socialmedia and technologies.
This course provides students with a foundation in Coaching theory, skills and practices. Students ill also become acquainted with Coaching as a profession and Coaching trends in workplace environments, With the instructor, students will also develop and engage in projects that apply the knowledge and practices associated with Executive and Career Coaching.
This course provides an overview of the major financial management issues and techniques peculiar to financial performance. Topics such as budgeting, cash flow management, portfolio management, capital budgeting, assessment of business performance, and financial statement presentations give the manager both internal management and industry perspectives.
This course presents the fundamental concepts of project management along with the skills and methods needed to successfully complete projects on time and on budget. Using a hands-on approach, students will be provided with the opportunity to learn and practice industry accepted project management techniques. Topics covered include planning the project, risk assessment, estimation, scheduling and cost control, and change management.
This course allows students to design a social media project/campaign that relates to their chosen profession or work setting. The project/campaign should address and offer solutions for current management challenges and opportunities posed by new social media, e.g. brand protection, securing new clients/markets, coordinating internal/external communications, public information and engagement, etc.
This course is designed to provide students with an overview of techniques used by successful managers. Emphasis is placed on critical soft skills. Topics include leadership, motivation, coaching, delegating, strategic thinking, time management, negotiating, presentations, and stress management.
An in-depth exploration of a specific topic that is of current interest to graduate students in management. Approval of the Program Director is required to register.
Independent project in an area of individual special interest. The student and faculty advisor develop appropriate goals for the project which is then presented in a formal proposal. This course may require the preparation of a final paper and presentation. Prerequisite: Permission of the Director.
Independent project in an area of individual special interest. The student and faculty advisor develop appropriate goals for the project which is then presented in a formal proposal. This course may require the preparation of a final paper and presentation. Prerequisite: Permission of the Director.
This capstone experience provides an examination of the business, social and technological issues facing organizations today and the challenges they present for traditional organizational and human resource systems. Students will create a self-designed culminating project that demonstrates comprehensive knowledge and understanding of theories, practices, and applications learned throughout the master?s program coursework. Prerequisite:All program required graduate courses or permission of director.